Daphnis and Chloé
Fables - signed
- 1887 Marc Chagall is born in Vitebsk on 7 July as the eldest of nine children in a simple Jewish family
- 1906 Studies with Jehuda Pen
- 1907 Pupil of the Imperial Society for the Promotion of the Arts, St. Petersburg
- 1908 Pupil of Léon Bakst
- 1909 Meets his future wife Bella Rosenfeld
- 1910 Departs for Paris, moves into a studio there
- 1911 Participates in the “Salon des Indépendants”. Acquaintance with Apollinaire, Cendrars, Jacob, Delaunay, Léger, Modigliani and Archipenko.
- 1913 Meets Herbert Walden through Apollinaire.
- 1914 First exhibition in the gallery “Der Sturm” in Berlin. Travels to Vitebsk, where he is surprised by the war.
- 1915 Marries Bella Rosenfeld and moves with her to St. Petersburg.
- 1916 Birth of daughter Ida.
Large exhibition in Moscow.
- 1917 Returns to Vitebsk after the October Revolution.
- 1918 Appointed art commissioner for the Vitebsk governorate, founded art academy
- 1920 Moves to Moscow
- 1921 Begins autobiography My Life
- 1922 Chagall leaves Russia. Learns the technique of etching from Hermann Struck in Berlin.
Creates 20 etchings for My Life on commission from Paul Cassirer.
First lithographs and woodcuts.
- 1923 Moves to Paris.
Begins work on etchings for Gogol’s The Dead Souls commissioned by Vollard.
- 1924 First retrospective in Paris.
- 1925 Commissioned by Vollard to illustrate La Fontaine’s Fables.
Works on the sheets for The Seven Deadly Sins.
- 1926 First exhibition in New York
- 1928 Works on the 100 etchings for the Fables (until 1930)
- 1931 Commissioned by Vollard to illustrate the Old Testament.
Travels to Palestine for this purpose.
- 1932 Travels to Holland to study Rembrandt’s graphic work.
- 1933 Retrospective at the Kunsthalle Basel.
Burning of his pictures in Mannheim.
- 1937 Chagall becomes a French citizen.
- 1939 Receives the Carnegie Prize.
The outbreak of the war interrupts work on the etchings for Bible begun in
- 1931; 66 of the total of 105 plates are etched.
- 1941 Departs for the USA at the invitation of the Museum of Modern Art, New York.
- 1944 Death of his wife Bella
- 1945 Meets Virginia McNeil
- 1946 Birth of his son David
First colour lithographs for Arabian Nights
- 1948 Returns to France
Receives the International Prize for Graphic Arts at the Venice Biennale
- 1950 Acquaintance with Fernand Mourlot and Charles Sorlier.
Begins a decade-long collaboration in the Mourlot studio.
Moves to Vence, first ceramics.
- 1951 Second trip to Israel
- 1952 Virginia McNeil leaves Chagall.
Marries Valentine (Vava) Brodsky.
- 1954 Begins work on the lithographs for Daphnis and Chloe.
- 1956 Bible is published by Tériade.
17 colour lithographs for Revue Verve No. 33/34.
- 1957 Exhibition of the graphic work at the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris.
- 1958 Stained glass window for the cathedral in Metz
- 1960 Stained glass window for the synagogue of the Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem.
24 colour lithographs for Revue Verve no. 37/38.
- 1963 24 lithographs for The Story of the Exodus.
- 1967 The Circus is published with 24 colour lithographs.
Exhibition at the Louvre.
- 1968 Poèmes is published by Cramer with Chagall’s only colour woodcuts.
More stained glass windows.
- 1969 Foundation stone laid for the Musée National Message Biblique Marc Chagall, Nice.
- 1970 Retrospective of the graphic work in Paris.
Glass windows for the Fraumünster, Zurich.
- 1973 Trip to Moscow and Leningrad.
- Exhibition of lithographs in the Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow.
- 1974 Exhibition of graphic works in Dresden and East Berlin.
- 1976 Touring exhibition in Japan
- 1977 Chagall receives the Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour and becomes an honorary citizen of Jerusalem
- 1978 Inauguration of the stained glass windows in St. Stephan’s, Main
- 1979 32 colour etchings for Psalms of David
- 1981 Graphic retrospective in Paris
- 1982 Exhibition of illustrated books at Patrik Cramer, Geneva
- 1984 Retrospectives at the Centre Pompidou, Paris and at the Fondation Maeght, St. Paul de Vence
- 1985 Last colour lithograph Towards the Other Light
Marc Chagall dies on 28 March in Saint-Paul-de-Vence.